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Internet Medieval Sourcebook

Selected Sources: Byzantium


Contents


General
  • WEB Byzantium: The Byzantine Studies Page [Part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project]
  • WEB Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies UK: Resources and Links
  • WEB Dumbarton Oaks: Online Collections [At Dumbarton Oaks]
    Dumbarton Oaks, in Washington D.C. is the major center for Byzantine Studie in the US. It's online collections include Byzantine Seals, Byzantine Coins, Byzantine textiles and Manuscripts in the Byzantine Collection, with others added regularly.
  • WEB Dumbarton Oaks Electronic Texts [All books still accessible via the Internet Archive]
    Although removed from the DO's own website this collection of PDFs of very useful books is still available via the link above.
  • WEB Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Database [At Dumbarton Oaks]
    The online version of the Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Database, originally released in 1998 as a set of floppy disks, has two sections. The introduction contains general information about the project and bio-bibliographical introductions to each of the saints of the eighth to tenth centuries included in the project. The database itself is divided into three sections: a list of saints, a list of authors, and a search of citations. The Greek texts that the database has been permitted to reproduce either in their entirety or in sections may be accessed through the saint list (entire texts) or search citations (partial texts).
  • WEB Modern Language Translations of Byzantine Sources. Database maintained by Princeton University Library.
  • WEB CSHB: 19th Century Editions of Major Byzantine Historians. Full texts in Greek. [At Documenta Catholica]
  • WEB Byzantium 1200
    Byzantium 1200 is a project aimed at creating computer reconstructions of the Byzantine Monuments located in Istanbul. It has current photographs and digital reconstruction. [Internet Archive version here]
  • Paul of Aigina: The Epitome, excerpts. [a medical text]
  • A Byzantine Mathematics Textbook, 888: [Page image, now at Internet Archive]
    With Euclidean theorems.
  • The Suda: Entries on Grammarians, Rhetoricians ands Sophists, [Was At Leeds, now Internet Archive]
    The Suda was a Byzantine "encyclopedia".
  • WEB The SUDA Online [Internet Archive version here]
    The Suda (or Stronghold) was a massive 10th century Byzantine Greek historical encyclopedia of the ancient Mediterranean world, covering the whole of Greek and Roman antiquity and also including Biblical and Christian material. This is a project to make it available online.
  • WEB Prosopography of the Byzantine World 1025-1180 [King's College London]
  • THE ECONOMIC HISTORY OF BYZANTIUM From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century and in alternate format here (2002), Angeliki E. Laiou Editor-in-Chief [Was at Dumbarton Oaks, now Internet Archive]
    The is a five-volume work, all parts are available online, and it constitutes a major resource.
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning: Greek Christian Poetry. [At St. Pachomius Library]
    A collection of translations, including poems by: Clement of Alexandria, Gregory Nazianzen, Amphilochius of Iconium, Synesius of Cyrene, Paul Silentiarius, George Pisidia, John Damascene, Simeon Metaphrastes, John Maurpous of Euchaita, Theodore Prodromus, John Tzetzes, Manuel Philes, and Maximus Margunius.
  • Legislation Affecting the Jews, 300 to 800 CE
    Index to Roman, Western and canonical laws
  • Byzantine Homosexuality texts are available at the People With a History [Part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project]

Foundations
Justinian (b.483- r.527-d.565)
After Justinian
Iconoclasm
Byzantine Imperial Centuries (843-1204)
The Final Centuries


Byzantine Religion
  • WEB St. Pachomius Library: Global Index, for listing of Orthodox documents online.
  • General Religion
  • Ecclesiastical Organization
  • Theology
  • Spirituality
  • Sanctity
    • Palladius: The Lausiac History [extended excerpts]
      Includes lives of a number of saintly women.
    • Gregory of Nyssa (c.335-d.c.395): Life of Macrina, trans. W.K. Lowther Clarke [full text].
      One of the most important lives of a female saint. This is an account of Gregory's strongminded sister, Macrina (c.327-379)
    • The Life of Daniel the Stylite [Full text], the fifth-century saint who spent 33 years on a pillar in Constantinople. See also Catholic Encyclopedia: Stylites.
    • Life of Matrona of Perge, d.c. 510-515, trans Khalifa Ben Nasser, [full text of Metaphrastic Life: selections from Vita Prima].
      An example of a "transvestite" saint who was also a historical figure.
    • The Life of Theodore of Sykeon, Full text.
      This Life of seventh-century saint is a major source for Byzantine rural and social history, as well as about the cult of saints.
    • Leontius of Neapolis (7th Century): The Life of John the Almsgiver [Full text].
    • Life of Irene, Abbess of the Convent of Chrysobalanton, trans. Jan Olof Rosenqvist
    • Life of Mary the Younger, d.c. 903, trans Paul Halsall, [First five chapters, and concluding prayer].
    • The Life of St. Thomaïs of Lesbos, full text in Greek [Unicode]
    • The Life of Lazaros of Mt. Galesion: An Eleventh-Century Pillar Saint [Was At Dumbarton Oaks, now at Internet Acrhive]  A good part of the published translation. In PDF Format
    • Gregory of Constantinople: Life of St. Romylos, A 14th Century Hesychast saint. [full permission pending]
    • Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints' Lives in English Translation To access chapter files individually see here [Was At Dumbarton Oaks, now Internet Archive] 
      Complete texts of translations of female saints lives.
      The texts are all in PDF form.
      • Front Matter, General Introduction, Acknowledgments, List of Abbreviations
      • A. Nuns Disguised as Monks
        • 1. Life of St. Mary/Marinos / translated by Nicholas Constas
        • 2. Life of St. Matrona of Perge / Jeffrey Featherstone and Cyril Mango /
      • B. Female Solitaries
        • 3. Life of St. Mary of Egypt / Maria Kouli
        • 4. Life of St. Theoktiste of Lesbos / Angela C. Hero /
      • C. Cenobitic Nuns
        • 5. Life of St. Elisabeth the Wonderworker / Valerie Karras
        • 6. Life of St. Athanasia of Aegina / Lee Francis Sherry
        • 7. Life of St. Theodora of Thessalonike / Alice-Mary Talbot
      • D. Pious Housewives
        • 8. Life of St. Mary the Younger / Angeliki E. Laiou
        • 9. Life of St. Thomaïs of Lesbos / Paul Halsall
      • E. A Saintly Empress
        • 10. Life of St. Theodora of Arta / Alice-Mary Talbot /
      • Indexes /
        Index of People and Places; General Index Index of Notable Greek Words
  • Monasticism
    • Theodore of Studium (d.826): Reform Rules. See also Catholic Encyclopedia: Studion
    • Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents [Was At Dumbarton Oaks, now Internet Archive]
      A Complete Translation of the Surviving Founder's Typika and Testaments. Edited by John Thomas and Angela Constantinides Hero with the assistance of Giles Constable. To access chapter files individually see here
      • Preface, Giles Constable
      • Early Monastic Rules
      • Chapter One: Traditional Private Religious Foundations / 61k
        • Introduction
        • Seventh Century
          • 1. Apa Abraham: Testament of Apa Abraham, Bishop of Hermonthis, for the Monastery of St. Phoibammon near Thebes, Egypt (trans. Leslie S. B. MacCoull)
        • Eighth Century
          • 2. Pantelleria: Typikon of John for the Monastery of St. John the Forerunner on Pantelleria (trans. Gianfranco Fiaccadori)
        • Ninth Century
          • 3. Theodore Studites: Testament of Theodore the Studite for the Monastery of St. John Stoudios in Constantinople (trans. Timothy Miller)
          • 4. Stoudios: Rule of the Monastery of St. John Stoudios in Constantinople (trans. Timothy Miller)
        • Tenth Century
          • 5. Euthymios: Testament of Euthymios for the Monasteries of Psamathia and Ta Agathou (trans. Patricia Karlin-Hayter)
          • 6. Rila: Testament of John of Rila (trans. Ilija Iliev)
          • 7. Latros: Testament of Paul the Younger for the Monastery of the Mother of God tou Stylou on Mount Latros (trans. Gianfranco Fiaccadori)
        • Eleventh Century
          • 8. John Xenos: Testament of John Xenos for the Monastery of the Mother of God Antiphonetria of Myriokephala on Crete (trans. Gianfranco Fiaccadori)
          • 9. Galesios: Testament of Lazarus of Mount Galesios (trans. Patricia Karlin-Hayter) /
          • 10. Eleousa: Rule of Manuel, Bishop of Stroumitza, for the Monastery of the Mother of God Eleousa (trans. Anastasius Bandy)
      • Chapter Two: Athonite Monasteries
        • Introduction
        • Tenth Century
          • 11. Ath. Rule: Rule of Athanasios the Athonite for the Lavra Monastery (trans. George Dennis)
          • 12. Tzimiskes: Typikon of Emperor John Tzimiskes (trans. George Dennis)
          • 13. Ath. Typikon: Typikon of Athanasios the Athonite for the Lavra Monastery (trans. George Dennis)
          • 14. Ath. Testament: Testament of Athanasios the Athonite for the Lavra Monastery (trans. George Dennis)
          • 15. Constantine IX: Typikon of Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos (trans. Timothy Miller)
      • Chapter Three: The Protectorate
        • Introduction
        • Tenth Century
          • 16. Mount Tmolos: Typikon of Nikephoros Erotikos for the Monastery of the Mother of God and the Old Age Home called Ta Derma on Mount Tmolos (trans. John Thomas) / 31k
          • 17. Nikon Metanoeite: Testament of Nikon the Metanoeite for the Church and Monastery of the Savior, the Mother of God and St. Kyriake in Lakedaimon (trans. Anastasius Bandy)
        • Eleventh Century
          • 18. Nea Gephyra: Testament of Nikodemos for the Monastery of Nea Gephyra near Lakedaimon (trans. Stephen Reinert)
          • 19. Attaleiates: Rule of Michael Attaleiates for his Almshouse in Rhaidestos and for the Monastery of Christ Panoiktirmon in Constantinople (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
          • 20. Black Mountain: Regulations of Nikon of the Black Mountain (trans. Robert Allison) /
          • 21. Roidion: Typikon of Nikon of the Black Mountain for the Monastery and Hospice of the Mother of God Tou Roidiou (trans. Robert Allison)
      • Chapter Four: Early Reform Monasteries of the Eleventh Century
        • Introduction
        • 22. Evergetis: Typikon of Timothy for the Monastery of the Mother of God Evergetis (trans. Robert Jordan) /
        • 23. Pakourianos: Typikon of Gregory Pakourianos for the Monastery of the Mother of God Petritzonitissa in Backovo (trans. Robert Jordan) /
        • 24. Christodoulos: Rule, Testament and Codicil of Christodoulos for the Monastery of St. John the Theologian on Patmos (trans. Patricia Karlin-Hayter)
      • Chapter Five: Imperial and Royal Monasteries of the Twelfth Century
        • Introduction
        • 25. Fragala: Testaments of Gregory for the Monastery of St. Philip of Fragala in Sicily (trans. Patricia Karlin-Hayter and Timothy Miller)
        • 26. Luke of Messina: Typikon of Luke for the Monastery of Christ Savior (San Salvatore) in Messina (trans. Timothy Miller)
        • 27. Kecharitomene: Typikon of Empress Irene Doukaina Komnene for the Convent of the Mother of God Kecharitomene in Constantinople (trans. Robert Jordan)
        • 28. Pantokrator: Typikon of Emperor John II Komnenos for the Monastery of Christ Pantokrator at Constantinople (trans. Robert Jordan)
        • 29. Kosmosoteira: Typikon of the Sebastokrator Isaac Komnenos for the Monastery of the Mother of God Kosmosoteira near Bera (trans. Nancy Patterson Sevcenko)
      • Chapter Six: Early Reform Monasteries of the Twelfth Century
        • Introduction
        • 30. Phoberos: Rule of John for the Monastery of St. John the Forerunner of Phoberos (trans. Robert Jordan)
        • 31. Areia: Memorandum and Typikon of Leo, Bishop of Nauplia, for the Monastery of the Mother of God in Areia (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
        • 32. Mamas: Typikon of Athanasios Philanthropenos for the Monastery of St. Mamas in Constantinople (trans. Anastasius Bandy) /
        • 33. Heliou Bomon: Typikon of Nikephoros Mystikos for the Monastery of the Mother of God ton Heliou Bomon or Elegmon (trans. Anastasius Bandy) /
      • Chapter Seven: Independent and Self-Governing Monasteries of the Thirteenth Century
        • Introduction
        • 34. Machairas: Rule of Neilos, Bishop of Tamasia, for the Monastery of the Mother of God of Machairas in Cyprus (trans. Anastasius Bandy)
        • 35. Skoteine: Testament of Maximos for the Monastery of the Mother of God at Skoteine near Philadelphia (trans. George Dennis)
        • 36. Blemmydes: Typikon of Nikephoros Blemmydes for the Monastery of the Lord Christ-Who-Is at Ematha near Ephesos (trans. Joseph Munitiz) /
        • 37. Auxentios: Typikon of Michael VIII Palaiologos for the Monastery of the Archangel Michael on Mount Auxentios near Chalcedon (trans. George Dennis)
        • 38. Kellibara I: Typikon of Michael VIII Palaiologos for the Monastery of St. Demetrios of the Palaiologoi-Kellibara in Constantinople (trans. George Dennis)
        • 39. Lips: Typikon of Theodora Palaiologina for the Convent of Lips in Constantinople (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
        • 40. Anargyroi: Typikon of Theodora Palaiologina for the Convent of Sts. Kosmas and Damian in Constantinople (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
      • Chapter Eight: Later Private Religious Foundations / 61k
        • Introduction
        • Twelfth Century
          • 41. Docheiariou: Rule of Neophytos for the Monastery of St. Michael the Archangel of Docheiariou on Mount Athos (trans. Robert Allison)
          • 42. Sabas: Founder's Typikon of the Sabas Monastery near Jerusalem (trans. Gianfranco Fiaccadori)
          • 43. Kasoulon: Rule of Nicholas for the Monastery of St. Nicholas of Kasoulon near Otranto (trans. Timothy Miller)
          • 44. Karyes: Typikon of Sabbas the Serbian for the Kellion of St. Sabbas at Karyes on Mount Athos (trans. George Dennis)
        • Thirteenth Century
          • 45. Neophytos: Testamentary Rule of Neophytos for the Hermitage of the Holy Cross near Ktima in Cyprus (trans. Catia Galatariotou)
        • Fourteenth Century
          • 46. Akropolites: Testament of Constantine Akropolites for the Monastery of the Resurrection (Anastasis) in Constantinople (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
          • 47. Philanthropos: Typikon of Irene Choumnaina Palaiologina for the Convent of Christ Philanthropos in Constantinople (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
          • 48. Prodromos: Testament of Neilos for the Monastery of St. John the Forerunner (Prodromos) on Mount Athos (trans. Stephen Reinert)
          • 49. Geromeri: Testament of Neilos Erichiotes for the Monastery of the Mother of God Hodegetria in Geromeri (trans. George Dennis)
          • 50. Gerasimos: Testament of Gerasimos for the Small Monastery of St. Euthymios in Jerusalem (trans. George Dennis)
          • 51. Koutloumosi: Testaments of Chariton for the Monastery of Christ Savior of Koutloumousi on Mount Athos (trans. George Dennis)
          • 52. Choumnos: Rule and Testament of Makarios Choumnos for the Nea Mone of the Mother of God in Thessalonike (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
          • 53. Meteora: Canonical Rule of Athanasios the Meteorite for the Monastery of the Transfiguration (Metamorphosis) (trans. George Dennis)
        • Fifteenth Century
          • 54. Neilos Damilas: Testament and Typikon of Neilos Damilas for the Convent of the Mother of God Pantanassa at Baionaia on Crete (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
      • Chapter Nine: Independent and Self-Governing Monasteries of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries
        • Introduction
        • Fourteenth Century
          • 55. Athanasios I: Rule of Patriarch Athanasios I (trans. Timothy Miller)
          • 56. Kellibara II: Typikon of Andronikos II Palaiologos for the Monastery of St. Demetrios-Kellibara in Constantinople (trans. George Dennis)
          • 57. Bebeia Elpis: Typikon of Theodora Synadene for the Convent of the Mother of God Bebaia Elpis in Constantinople (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
          • 58. Menoikeion: Typikon of Joachim, Metropolitan of Zichna, for the Monastery of St. John the Forerunner on Mount Menoikeion near Serres (trans. Timothy Miller)
        • Fifteenth Century
          • 59. Manuel II: Typikon of Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos for the Monasteries of Mount Athos (trans. George Dennis)
          • 60. Charsianeites: Testament of Patriarch Matthew I for the Monastery of Charsianeites Dedicated to the Mother of God Nea Peribleptos (trans. Alice-Mary Talbot)
          • 61. Eleousa Inv.: Inventory of the Monastery of the Mother of God Eleousa in Stroumitza (trans. Anastasius Bandy, with Nancy Sevcenko)
      • Appendix A: Concordance with Previous Lists
      • Appendix B: The Regulation of Diet in the Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents
      • Appendix C: Topical Interrelationships of the Families of the Typika of the Byzantine Monastic Reform Movement
  • Liturgy
  • Heresy and Dissent

The Byzantine Commonwealth
The Byzantine Commonwealth: Russia
Accounts of Byzantium by Others

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© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 8 February 2023