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About IHSPIHSP Credits

Internet Islamic History Sourcebook

Editor: Paul Halsall


This page is a subset of texts derived from the three major online Sourcebooks listed below, along with added texts and web site indicators. For more contextual information, for instance about Western imperialism, or the history of a given period, check out these web sites.


For help in research, homework, and so forth see

Notes:

In addition to direct links to documents, links are made to a number of other web resources.
2ND
Link to a secondary article, review or discussion on a given topic.
MEGA
Link to one of the megasites which track web resources.
WEB
Link to a website focused on a specific issue.. These are not links to every site on a given topic, but to sites of serious educational value.


Contents


The Pre-Islamic Arab World

Pre-Islamic Arabs

Pre-Islamic Persia


Muhammad and Foundations - to 632 CE

Religious and Social Context of 7th Century Arabia

Muhammad


Islam Faith and Theology

General

The Sunni Tradition

The Shi'ite Tradition

Sufism

Islam as a Modern Faith

Women in  Islam


Islamic Expansion and Empire

Conquests

Governance and Government Institutions


The Caliphate

General

Government

Science

Culture

  • The Poets of Arabia, Selections
  • Al Hariri of Basrah (446-516 A.H./1054-1122 CE): Maqamat, (The Assemblies), c. 1100 CE, 12 of the 50 "assemblies". Maqamat (singular Maqamah) were a popular sort of Arabic entertainment literature (adab). This is perhaps the most popular example.
  • The Women and Her Suitors story from the Thousand and One Nights [caution: very rude!]
  • The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor story from the Thousand and One Nights [At Sacred Texts]
  • The Arabian Nights Entertainments, translated by Andrew Lang
  • The Arabian Nights, translated Sir. Richard Francis Burton. Full Text - Sacred Texts]
  • Ibn Fadlan. Risala 921 CE [At VikingAnswerLady]
    Ibn Fadlan -an Arab chronicler. In 921 C.E., the Caliph sent Ibn Fadlan with an embassy to the King of the Bulgars of the Middle Volga. Ibn Fadlan wrote an account of his journeys with the embassy, called a Risala. This Risala is of great value as a history, although it is clear in some places that inaccuracies and Ibn Fadlan's own prejudices have slanted the account to some extent.
  • The Nizámu'l Mulk (?-1092 CE) : On the Courtiers and Familars of Kings
  • Ibn Battuta (1307-1377 CE): Travels, selections
  • Ibn Battuta (1307-1377 CE): Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354
  • 2ND Arthur Goldschmidt: A Concise History of the Middle East. Chap. 8. "Islamic Civilization"
  • 2ND Oleg Grabar: Ceremonial and Art at the Umayyad Court. PhD Dissertation, Princeton Univ 1955. Chap. I. The Umayyad Royal Idea and its Expression under Mu'awiyah I. pp 18 ff
  • 2ND Oleg Grabar: The Formation of Islamic Art, (New Haven: Yale Univ Press, 19??), pp. 43- 71,.Chap. 3 "The Symbolic Appropriation of the Land" chapter 3
  • 2ND S. M. Ghazanfar: The Islamic World and the Western Renaissance [At Cyberistan]. 
    Useful enough, but written with a chip on his shoulder by an economist.

Philosophy

Gender and Sexuality in Classical Islam

Successor States: Umayyad Spain

Successor States: Fatamid Egypt

Successor States: Mameluk Egypt

Successor States: North Africa/Maghreb

The Mongol Invasions


The Persians

Culture

Safavids


The Turkish Irruption

Origins

Culture


The Ottomans

General

Conquests

Government

Society

Ottoman Egypt

Culture

Decline


The Expansion Eastwards

India

China

  • 2ND

East Indies

  • 2ND

Islamic Africa - Sub Sahara

  • WEB Islam and Indigenous African Culture [At Internet Archive, from Harvard]
    A clear narrative, and excellent maps on the penetration of Islam across the Sahara and in East Africa.
  • Abû Ûthmân al-Jâhiz: The Essays, excerpts, c. 860 CE
    On the Zanj (Black Africans). Arab Muslim opinions.

African States

African Islamic Culture

The Slave Trade


Interaction with the Latin Christian West

Crusades

Travelers

  • Anonymous:  Guide-book to Palestine. (c. 1350). Translated by. J. H. Barnard. London: Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society, 1894.  [At Internet Archive was at Traveling to Jerusalem/U Sth Colorado]
  • John Poloner (1422): Description of the Holy Land (c. 1421), based on the translation of Aubrey Stewart from the Tobler text. London, 1894. [At Internet Archive was at Traveling to Jerusalem/U Sth Colorado]
  • Felix Fabri (1480 & 1483-84): The Book of the Wanderings of Felix Fabri (Circa 1480-1483 A.D.) trans. Aubrey Stewart. 2 vols. London: Palestine Pilgrims' Text Society, 1896 [At Internet Archive was at Traveling to Jerusalem/U Sth Colorado]
  • Pietro Casola (1494): Canon Pietro Casola's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the Year 1494. trans. Mary Margaret Newett. Manchester: The University Press, 1907. [At Internet Archive was at Traveling to Jerusalem/U Sth Colorado]

The Western Intrusion

Napoleon

European 19th Century Imperialism

The Ottoman Empire in the Face of Western Power

Algeria

Arabia

Egypt

Iran

Libya

Morocco

Sudan

World War I


Islamic Nationalism

Arab Nationalism

British and French Diplomacy

Islam and Democracy

  • 2ND

Algeria

Turkey

Pakistan


The Islamic World Since 1945

General

  • Islamic World: Country Studies
    Prepared for Library of Congress under the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program sponsored by the Department of the Army. These are full descriptions of the countries concerned, in terms of history, geography, economy, etc. There are also useful bibliographies. [At LOC]
  • Western Views of the Region
    • Benjamin R. Barber: Jihad Vs. McWorld,  The Atlantic Monthly, March 1992 [At The Atlantic, subscription required][Added 7/23/98]

International Affairs/Organizations

Algeria

  • The Islamic Salvation Front National Provisional Executive Bureau:

Egypt

Iran

Iraq

Kurdistan

  • Robert Kaplan: Sons of Devils, The Atlantic Monthly, November 1987  [At The Atlantic, subscription required]
    On Kurdish identity.
  • Laurie Mylroie: After Saddam Hussein, The Atlantic Monthly, December 1992 [At The Atlantic, subscription required]
    On the Kurds in the Middle East.

Libya

Saudi Arabia

Syria

The Palestine/Israel Conflict

World War I and its Effects

  • texts?

The Politics and Culture of the Interwar Years

Establishment of Israel

Israeli Government

Wars

Peace Efforts

Palestinian Organizations and Politics

  • Hamas Covenant 1988

Local Culture

  • WEB

Islamic History Maps

Origins, Expansion and Core Areas

Spain

Persia

Turks: Seljuqs and Ottomans

India and Far East

Crusades

  • The First Crusade, 1099 (Col) A clickable map of all of Europe in 1099 Source: Adaptation of "Europe at the time of the First Crusade", in Muir's Historical Atlas: Medieval and Modern, (London: 1911) 
  • The Crusader States in the Early 12th Century (BW) Source: George Richard Potter, The Autobiography of Ousama, (New York: 1929
  • Crusader States, (Col) Adapted from Muir's Historical Atlas: Medieval and Modern, (London: 1911)  
  • Jerusalem, (Col) Adapted from Muir's Historical Atlas: Medieval and Modern, (London: 1911)  
  • Second and Third Crusades, (Col) Adapted from Muir's Historical Atlas: Medieval and Modern, (London: 1911)  

Further Resources on Islamic History

This was once quite a list 25 web sites maintained by academics and organisations. From the list in 2003, only 2 are now active!


© This text is copyright. The specific electronic form, and any notes and questions are copyright. Permission is granted to copy the text, and to print out copies for personal and educational use. No permission is granted for commercial use.

If any copyright has been infringed, this was unintentional. The possibility of a site such as this, as with other collections of electronic texts, depends on the large availability of public domain material from texts translated before 1923. [In the US, all texts issued before 1923 are now in the public domain. Texts published before 1964 may be in the public domain if copyright was not renewed after 28 years. This site seeks to abide by US copyright law: the copyright status of texts here outside the US may be different.] Efforts have been made to ascertain the copyright status of all texts here, although, occasionally, this has not been possible where older or non-US publishers seem to have ceased existence. Some of the recently translated texts here are copyright to the translators indicated in each document. These translators have in every case given permission for non-commercial reproduction. No representation is made about the copyright status of texts linked off-site. This site is intended for educational use. Notification of copyright infringement will result in the immediate removal of a text until its status is resolved.


The Islamic History Sourcebook is part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project.



The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in providing web space and server support for the project. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University.  Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.

© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 1 February 2023 [CV]