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Selected Sources Sections Studying History Reformation Early Modern World Everyday Life Absolutism Constitutionalism Colonial North America Colonial Latin America Scientific Revolution Enlightenment Enlightened Despots American Independence French Revolution Industrial Revolution Romanticism Conservative Order Nationalism Liberalism 1848 19C Britain 19C France 19C Germany 19C Italy 19C West Europe 19C East Europe Early US US Civil War US Immigration 19C US Culture Canada Australia & New Zealand 19C Latin America Socialism Imperialism Industrial Revolution II Darwin, Freud 19C Religion World War I Russian Revolution Age of Anxiety Depression Fascism Nazism Holocaust World War II Bipolar World US Power US Society Western Europe Since 1945 Eastern Europe Since 1945 Decolonization Asia Since 1900 Africa Since 1945 Middle East Since 1945 20C Latin America Modern Social Movements Post War Western Thought Religion Since 1945 Modern Science Pop Culture 21st Century
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Maturation of US Culture

See Main Page for a guide to all contents of all sections.


The Maturation of American Culture
  • WEB Secession Era Editorials Project [At Furman]
    Many online texts, with a a special emphasis on the Civil War and Southern History. Many texts are taken from newspaper editorials.
  • WEB Making of America [At Michigan]
    5000 imprints from 1850-75 on line, but as image files rather than text.

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The Legal Framework of American Life

  • WEB US Supreme Court Decisions [At Yahoo]
  • Ex parte Milligan, 1866 [At USInfo]
    The Supreme court insists on the rights of individuals, even during war.
  • Morrill Act, 1862 [At USInfo]
    Allowed western states to establish land grant college.
  • Bradwell v. Illinois, 1873 [At USInfo]
    The supreme court agreed that women could be banned from the bar.
  • Pendleton Act, 1883 [At USInfo]
    Regulated the neutrality of the civil service.
  • Muller v. Oregon, 1908 [At USInfo]
    Allowed states to create worker protection laws
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 [At USInfo]
    Established the legal basis for American apartheid in the South.
  • Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 1886 [At USInfo]
    Yick Wo v. Hopkins is the first instance of the Court inferring the existence of discrimination from data about a law's application, a technique that would be used again in the 1960s to strike down statutes discriminating against African Americans.

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The Gilded Age

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The Emergence of Modern Politics

  • Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802-1887): Memorial to the Massachusetts Legislature, 1843 [At USInfo]
    On social reform of prisons and facilities for the mentally ill.
  • Horace Mann (1796-1859): Report No. 12 of the Massachusetts School Board, 1848 [At USInfo]
  • People's Party Platform, 1896 [At USInfo]
    Radical rural/farmers' party. The roots of American "populism"..
  • Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919, Pres., 1901-1909): The New Nationalism, 1910 [At USInfo]
    The famous speech at Ossowatomie, Kansas, on August 31, 1910, which contains the kernel of the "Progressive" ideas which would lead to the modern American welfare state. So a speech outlining modern Aamerican "liberalism" by a Republican.
  • Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924, pres. 1913-1921): First Inaugural, 1913 [At USInfo]
    Wilson's vision, in contrast to Roosevelt's, is of a small-unit economy presided over by a government of limited powers. In other words, a speech echoing major themese in modern American conservatism by a Democratic president.
  • Theodore Roosevelt: Political Assessments in the Coming Campaign, The Atlantic Monthly, July 1892 [At The Atlantic, subscription required]

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American Thought

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American Literature

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NOTES: Dates of accession of material added since July 1998 can be seen in the New Additions page.. The date of inception was 9/22/1997. Links to files at other site are indicated by [At some indication of the site name or location]. Locally available texts are marked by [At this Site]. WEB indicates a link to one of small number of high quality web sites which provide either more texts or an especially valuable overview.

The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in providing web space and server support for the project. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University.  Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.

© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 26 January 2023 [CV]