Fordham University            The Jesuit University of New York  

Lecture to Highlight Historical Intolerance Toward Catholics

Contact: Patrick Verel
(212) 636-7790

Peter McClean Ryan an independent scholar of the history of colonial intolerance, will explore the long reach of the so-called Ludlow (Peters) Code, which originated in the Hartford, Connecticut and the New Haven Colonies, in a lecture entitled Catholics in Connecticut? The Long Life of Legal Intolerance.

The Ludlow Code, which was named for Roger Ludlow, the first lawyer in Connecticut, was used by the Puritans to uphold their position as God’s elect and to deny legal rights to Anglicans, Quakers, Catholics, and Jews.

This worldview clashed with the ideals of the American Revolution, as later expressed in the Bill of Rights, which was not ratified by the State of Connecticut until 1939.

Friday, Sept. 27
6 p.m.
12th-Floor Lounge | E. Gerald Corrigan Conference Center, Lincoln Center campus

Free and open to the public. Refreshments will be served following the lecture.

For more information, visit or e-mail John Ryle Kezel, Ph.D., at

Founded in 1841, Fordham is the Jesuit University of New York, offering exceptional education distinguished by the Jesuit tradition to more than 15,100 students in its four undergraduate colleges and its six graduate and professional schools. It has residential campuses in the Bronx and Manhattan, a campus in West Harrison, N.Y., the Louis Calder Center Biological Field Station in Armonk, N.Y., and the London Centre at Heythrop College, University of London, in the United Kingdom.

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